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Geschichte Bründelns in deutsch

The history of Bründeln, not once upon a time there was a little village

 

Europe/Germany

World affairs

Bründeln and surroundings

6000 B.C.

Around 6500 first agriculture in Greece, spreads up the Danube to Hungary, Germany and the Netherlands.

First occurrence of pottery and woollen fabrics. Hunters spread southwards in America. Cultivation of the Mesopotanian alluvial plain with irrigation technology.

Finds of ribbon pottery in the area of the present-day village of Bründeln suggest the first attempts at settlement. (Hannover Museum of Evidence) Excavations in the Lauenstein gravel pit 1940/41

3000 B.C.

Spread of copper working. Construction of the megalithic tombs , tumuli and circles in Brittany (Stonehenge around 2000).

Invention of the wheel, plough and sail. Cheops builds the pyramid of Giza around 2590 BC.

Probable beginnings of a longer settlement in Bründeln. Attempts to prove this, among other things, by finding a sherd of ribbon pottery, the drawing of which can be found as the Bründeln coat of arms.

2000 BC - 800 BC Bronze Age

From approx. 1700 BC Bronze Age in Europe in the following period, in addition to agriculture and animal husbandry, now also industry, crafts and trade. Bartering with amber. Trade routes lead from the Danube to the Saale, Main and Elbe. Most important cultures: Beginning of the Bronze Age: burial of the dead in stool graves. Middle Bronze Age : Tumulus culture: burial with the addition of weapons and jewellery. from about 1300 of the Bronze Age : Urnfield culture: cremation of the dead, burial in large urnfields. Europe becomes economically and culturally independent.

Metalworking technology spreads from the Middle East, Mesopotamia (copper in the 4th century, bronze from 2500) via Egypt, Anatolia, Hungary to northern Europe. Around 2000 BC first use of sails on seagoing ships, around 1500 picture writing in China, cuneiform writing in Anatolia, around 1200 beginnings of the Jewish religion, around 1100 Phoenicians develop alphabetic writing, 776 first Olympic Games in Greece.

Finds made during the excavations from 19.9.-09.11.1994 east of the OT, 1940-1941 Lauenstein gravel pit, 1974-1976 Krüger family building pit and numerous surface finds lead the experts of the Institute for the Preservation of Monuments here, Mr Ulf Petschmann, to the following conclusion in his written report on excavations in Bründeln. Excerpt from the summary: If one now attempts a chronological overview of the prehistory of Bründeln up to the beginning of written sources from 1259 AD onwards, the following picture emerges. The following picture emerges: Around 5000 B.C., due to the good black earth soils and the springs, the first arable farmers in Central Europe also settled in Bründeln on the northern edge of the loess area. So far, the Linear Pottery people of the Neolithic / New Stone Age can be identified by settlement pits and pottery.

Used so far are Weltbild Atlas zur Weltgeschichte by Geoffrey Parker; Atlas zur Weltgeschichte by Kinder/Hilgemann; Knaurs Großer Historischer Weltatlas; report on the excavations in Bründeln near Hohenhameln/County Peine from September to November 1994 by Ulf Petzschmann-Göttingen; report on the excavations of the building site of the H.- H. Krüger 1974-1976 by Fritz Rehbein, District Monument Conservator; The history of Bründeln - annual work by Siegfried Klein 10.10.1963